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Emile Albert Gruppé (1896-1978) was an American painter known for his impressionistic landscapes, seascapes, and depictions of fishing communities. Born in Rochester, New York, Gruppé spent part of his early life in the Netherlands, where his father, Charles Paul Gruppé, also a painter, had moved the family. Emile Gruppé studied at the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League in New York, as well as with artists in Europe.

He is perhaps best known for his vibrant paintings of Gloucester, Massachusetts, where he eventually settled and established the Gruppé Gallery. His work reflects the influence of the French Impressionists, and he was particularly adept at capturing the play of light on water and the bustling activity of Gloucester's docks and fishing vessels.

Gruppé taught painting throughout his life, sharing his approach to art with many students. He emphasized plein air painting, encouraging his students to work outdoors to directly capture the effects of light and atmosphere. His legacy includes not only his own extensive body of work but also the influence he had on his students and the American art scene, particularly in the Northeast.


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